The UK Biodiversity Action Plan

The Rio Convention and Global Biodiversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBC) was signed by 159 governments at the United Nation’s Earth Summit in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro). The CBD entered into force on 29 December 1993 and it was the first treaty to provide a legal framework for biodiversity conservation. It called for the creation and enforcement of national strategies and action plans to conserve, protect and enhance biological diversity.

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The UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP)

The UK BAP (Biodiversity Action Plan) is the UK Government’s response to the Convention on Biological Diversity. It describes the UK’s biological resources (species and habitats) and commits to a detailed plan for the protection of these resources.

                            Biodiversity Partnership
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List of UK BAP Priority Species and Habitats

The UK BAP includes a new List of Priority Species and Habitats published in 2007,consisting of 1150 species and 65 habitats covering terrestrial, freshwater and marine biodiversity. This UK BAP list of priority species and habitats is an important reference source and will be the focus for conservation action across the UK over the next decade.

Find out more >>  List of Priority Species and Habitats 

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Devolution of Government: Biodiversity Action Plans in the Four Countries

The devolution of government across the UK has resulted in the establishment of separate national biodiversity groups and strategies for England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

However, to maintain a co-ordinated and cohesive approach to biodiversity conservation in the UK, all four countries have agreed a framework of common goals and actions set out in Conserving Biodiversity: The UK Approach Defra, October (2007)