Bats are highly specialised animals with some amazing features. They are the only true flying mammal. Like us, they are warm-blooded, give birth, and suckle their young. They are also long-lived, intelligent, and have complex social lives.

Generally, bats that use buildings can be divided into 4 categories:

  • Crevice-dwelling bats (which tend to be hidden from view) such as: common pipistrelle, soprano pipistrelle, Nathusius' pipistrelle, Brandt's and whiskered bat
  • Roof-void dwelling bats (that may be visible on roof timbers): noctule bat, serotine bat, Leisler's bat, Daubenton's bat, greater mouse-eared bat and barbastelle bat
  • Bats that need flight space in certain types of roost: natterer's bat, and brown and grey long-eared bat
  • Bats that need flight space and flying access: greater horseshoe bat and lesser horseshoe bat

Some bats will commute several kilometres from their roosts to seek the habitat they prefer. Waterways and ponds not only provide bats with the water they need to rehydrate but also attract midges and other flying insects which congregate in their thousands and provide a ready feast for bats.

All species of bats are protected by law.

Interactive Bat Protocol

Find out what you need to do about bats at each stage of the planning application process. 

Click on the flow diagram below to go to the live protocol.

  The Interactive Bat Protocol shown above contains an animated flow diagram that enables a wide range of information to be accessed relevant to each stage of the planning application process.

You can also download the Bat Protocol as a pdf text document from the home page on the live link.