Calaminarian Grassland


What is it?

Calaminarian grasslands in Scotland differ quite markedly from their counterparts in England and Wales and are sparse and open. In England and Wales they are primarily communities of mining spoil and mineral veins where the rocks and soils are rich in heavy metals, particularly lead. Calaminarian grasslands occur in mosaics with upland heathland and upland grasslands. Generally they form small patches over outcrops of weathered rock or on spoil heaps.


What’s special about it?

These grasslands are important because they are the main habitat for some uncommon and rare species. Such as In Scotland the habitat itself is quite rare.


How do we benefit?

The habitat is quite rare and contributes to the beauty of our landscapes, which provides outdoor recreation and can be important for tourism. Like other semi-natural grasslands, it can be a good store of carbon


How could development affect it?

Development types which might affect the habitat are building, quarrying and gravel extraction, reclamation of spoil, agricultural intensification, afforestation.

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UKBAP list of priority habitats